Piano Sonata No. 10 in C Major, K. 330 - Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

The Piano Sonata No. 10 in C Major, K. 330 by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart is a seminal work in the classical piano repertoire. Composed in 1783, this sonata exemplifies Mozart's mastery of form and expression within the constraints of the sonata structure. Its three movements - Allegro moderato, Andante cantabile, and Allegretto - showcase Mozart's innovative approach to melody, harmony, and texture. The K. 330 is renowned for its lyrical melodies, refined elegance, and technical brilliance, making it a favorite among pianists and audiences alike.

Historical Context and Publication

The Piano Sonata No. 10, K. 330 was composed by Mozart in 1783, a period marked by his intense exploration of the piano sonata form. Despite some debate among scholars regarding the exact dates of its composition, it is generally agreed that this work was part of a series composed in Vienna. The sonata was published in 1784, alongside its companions K. 331 and K. 332, establishing a significant part of Mozart's piano sonata repertoire.

Original manuscripts of K. 330 reveal Mozart's meticulous approach to composition, displaying corrections and revisions that provide insight into his creative process. The first edition was published by Artaria, a prominent Viennese publisher, making it widely available to the musical public of the time. Mozart's reputation as a keyboard composer was elevated by this publication, securing his place in the annals of classical music.

The release of K. 330 and its companion sonatas marked a turning point in the piano sonata genre, featuring structural innovations and an increased emphasis on expressive depth. These compositions garnered acclaim for their musical finesse and contributed to the sonata form's development during the Classical period.

Analysis of Composition

Mozart's K. 330 is structured in the traditional three-movement form common to classical sonatas. The first movement, Allegro moderato, is characterized by its sonata-allegro form, showcasing a masterful balance between the exposition, development, and recapitulation sections. In terms of harmony, Mozart employs a variety of key centers, modulating frequently but always returning to the home key of C major, which helps to create a sense of unity and cohesion throughout the movement.

The second movement, Andante cantabile, is set in the key of F major and provides a lyrical contrast to the spirited first movement. Its theme and variations form allows Mozart to explore different textures and moods, demonstrating his skill in variation technique. The harmonic language is rich, with unexpected chromatic shifts that add emotional depth to the music.

The final movement, Allegretto, returns to C major and is noted for its playful character and dance-like rhythm. The rondo form employed here, with its recurring main theme alternating with contrasting episodes, allows for a lively and captivating finale. Harmonically, Mozart keeps the focus on the tonic key but includes brief excursions to related keys, adding interest and variety to the movement.

Enduring Popularity

The enduring popularity of Piano Sonata No. 10 in C Major, K. 330, can be attributed to several factors. Its appealing melodies, harmonious balance, and expressive depth resonate with both performers and listeners, making it a staple of the piano repertoire. Furthermore, the sonata's technical demands are within reach of amateur and professional pianists alike, contributing to its widespread performance.

Mozart's innovative use of form in K. 330, particularly his masterful handling of the sonata-allegro and theme and variations structures, has been academically praised for its contribution to the evolution of the piano sonata. This combination of accessibility, musical richness, and historical significance has cemented the sonata's place in the hearts of music enthusiasts.


The Piano Sonata No. 10 in C Major, K. 330, by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, remains a beloved masterpiece in the solo piano repertoire. Its blend of lyrical beauty, structural elegance, and expressive depth not only showcases Mozart's genius but also offers a window into the evolution of the classical piano sonata. As a testament to its enduring legacy, K. 330 continues to captivate audiences and inspire pianists around the world.

Publication date: 28. 02. 2024